Two Duke authors with expertise on Haiti and the Caribbean respond to the devastating earthquake. Marc Becker, author of Indians and Leftists in the Making of Ecuador’s Modern Indigenous Movements, visited Haiti just a few days before the quake. Writing for History News Network, he locates Haiti's problems in the international ostracism it experienced after independence. "The solution to Haiti's problems," he writes, "is to allow the country to develop its own economy and political system without constant outside intervention. Otherwise, Haiti's next natural calamity will be worse than this one, and the country will continue to sink deeper into poverty, inequality, and social exclusion." Speaking to CNN.com, Allen Wells, author of Tropical Zion: General Trujillo, FDR, and the Jews of Sosúa, contrasts Haiti's nearly nonexistent tourism industry with the Dominican Republic, where tourism booms. Quoted on Bowdoin College's news site, Wells is hopeful: "The freedom the slaves achieved in Haiti signaled the birth of the modern world. The Haitian people should not be underestimated. They are amazingly resilient. They have overcome so much and they will, with the help of the international community, overcome this."